ارزیابی اثرات ویژگی‌های اقتصادی- اجتماعی و روان‌شناختی بر پذیرش رفتارهای سازگاری با کم‌آبی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان

2 استادیار گروه اقتصاد کشاورزی، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی و عمران روستایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، گروه ترویج کشاورزی، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

4 دانشجوی دکتری گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران.

چکیده

    درک نقش عوامل گوناگون تأثیرگذار بر سازگاری کشاورزان با کم‌آبی برای اطمینان از توسعه اقدام‌های سیاسی مناسب و طراحی پروژه­های موفق در زمینه مدیریت منابع آب ضروری است. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی نقش عوامل مؤثر بر رفتارهای سازگاری کشاورزان در ابعاد سرمایه اجتماعی، اقتصادی و روان‌شناختی انجام شد. نمونه مورد مطالعه شامل کشاورزان شهرستان دشتستان بودند که با استفاده از جدول نمونه­گیری کرجسی تعداد 330 نفر از طریق روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی انتخاب شده­اند. رفتارهای سازگاری با کم آبی عبارتند از: روش­های تعمیر کانال­ها، خرید آب اضافی، کشت گونه­های زودبازده، استفاده از آب­های نامتعارف و تنوع شغلی. نتایج نشان دادند که عوامل تحصیلات، فاصله زمین تا مرکز خدمات کشاورزی، تعداد محصولات، خودکارآمدی، ریسک­پذیری و پیوند از عوامل مؤثر بر تنوع شغلی و درآمدی به عنوان رفتار سازگاری با کم‌آبی می­باشند. هم‌چنین، وضعیت تأهل، تحصیلات، عضویت در تعاونی، تمایل به حفاظت از آب، درک خطر اجتماعی، خودکارآمدی، ریسک‌پذیری، نگرش زیست‌محیطی، تعاملات اجتماعی و پیوند اثر معنی­داری بر رفتار سازگاری خرید آب اضافی دارد. از طرف دیگر، متغیرهای وضعیت تأهل، ریسک زیست‌محیطی، برجستگی خطر، مسئولیت­پذیری، اعتماد کاری و پیوند بر تعمیر کانال­های آب و متغیرهای تعداد محصولات، تمایل به حفاظت از آب، ریسک‌پذیری، اعتماد کاری و تعاملات اجتماعی بر استفاده از منابع آب نامتعارف دارای اثر معنی­داری است. در پایان، متغیرهای سن، عضویت در تعاونی، تمایل به /حفظ آب، درک ریسک محیطی، درک ریسک اقتصادی، درک ریسک زیست­محیطی، خودکارآمدی، برجستگی خطر، انجمن غیر رسمی، اعتماد کاری و اعتمادی نهادی بر انتخاب رفتار سازگاری کشت گونه زودبازده مؤثر می­باشند. از این رو نمی­توان برای ترویج و گسترش تمام روش­های سازگاری نسخه یکسانی را در نظر گرفت.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluating the effects of individual-economic, social capital and psychological characteristics on adopting adaptation behaviors to water scarcity

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Yazdanpanah 1
  • Abbas Mirzaei 2
  • Tahereh Zobeydi 3
  • Ameneh Savari Mombeyni 4
  • Seyedeh Kobra Homayon 4
1 Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan
2 Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture Engineering and Rural Development, Agricultural sciences and Natural Resources University of Khuzestan, Mollasani, Iran.
3 Zanjan university
4 Agricultural sciences and natural resources university of Khuzestan
چکیده [English]

The results of binary logistic regression showed that the factors of education, distance to the center of agricultural services, number of products, self-efficacy, risk-taking and Family social capital were factors affecting job and income diversification. Also, marital status, education, membership in a cooperative, the intention to water conservation, social risk perception, self-efficacy, risk-taking, environmental attitudes, Community engagement, and the Family linkage have been affected on extra water purchase. marital status, environmental risk perception, risk salient, responsibility, work trust, and the family linkage were factors affecting water channels repair and variables of the number of products, intention to water conservation, risk-taking, trust, and Community Engagement have been affected on the use of unconventional water resources are abnormal. age, cooperative membership, intention to water conservation, environmental risk perception, economic risk perception, environmental risk perception, self-efficacy, risk salient, informal association (with friends and family), work trust and institutional trust have been effective on the cultivation of early-stage crops.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Farmers' adaptation behavior
  • Water scarcity
  • Social Capital
  • Psychological characteristics
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